Provinces of Spain

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Updates: 

The GENC standard has codes for autonomous communities and provinces of Spain. They are the same as the ISO codes in every case.

Update 16 to the U.S. standard GEC is dated 2014-06-30. It provides "conventional names" (English names) for some of the states to go alongside the Spanish names.

Update 13 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-09-30. It assigns codes to Ceuta and Melilla.

The NUTS code scheme was revised in 2003. The digit '0' was appended to the codes for Canary Islands and Madrid, considered as autonomous communities. Ceuta and Melilla (formerly shown as ES631 and ES632, respectively) were given NUTS-2 level codes. The province codes were right-padded with zeros to make all NUTS-3 codes the same length. The system was changed again circa 2010. The codes for the insular provinces—Baleares, Las Palmas, and Santa Cruz de Tenerife—were split up by island.

The official names of Álava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya provinces have been changed to Araba/Álava, Gipuzkoa, and Bizkaia, respectively, by Spanish law. In other words, their Spanish names have been superseded by their Basque names. The name with a slash may appear on documents and signs, but I don't believe that ordinary people will start using "Araba/Álava" in conversation.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number II-1, dated 2010-02-03, changes the ISO codes for six autonomous communities, to avoid conflicts with the province codes. Asturias changed from O to AS; Cantabria changed from S to CB; La Rioja changed from LO to RI; Madrid changed from M to MD; Murcia changed from MU to MC; and Navarra changed from NA to NC.

FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 9, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2004-10-01. It corrects the type of two subdivisions. Madrid has become a comunidad (community), and Navarra has become a comunidad foral (statutory community), according to the standard.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-4, dated 2002-12-10, corrects the error for Baleares in Newsletter I-2.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. There are only two types of change shown. The description of the places of Spanish sovereignty in Africa was changed to "autonomous citites (sic) in North Africa". Five names were changed from Spanish to the local minority language (Catalan or Galician). The ISO 3166-2 code for Balearic Islands autonomous community was changed from PM to IB. The code for Baleares province, however, remained unchanged as PM. The code for Girona province was changed from GE to GI.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Spain, the draft standard showed only the autonomous communities and the municipalities Ceuta and Melilla. The final standard showed those divisions, and the provinces as well.

Note: seven of the autonomous communities consist of only a single province. In those cases, the ISO code for the province is the same as the code for the conterminous autonomous community. Aside from that, all of the ISO codes for divisions of Spain are unique.

Country overview: 

Short nameSPAIN
ISO codeES
GEC codeSP
LanguageSpanish (es)
Time zone+1~ (see note)
CapitalMadrid

 

Spain has been an independent country during the entire 20th century.

According to the Spanish Constitution, Spanish (more precisely, Castilian, or Castellano) is the official language of the whole country, but the other Spanish languages (languages native to Spain) may be made co-official in each autonomous community by statute.

Time zone note: except for the Canary Islands, which are in zone 0~.

Other names of country: 

  1. Basque: Espainia
  2. Catalan: Espanya
  3. Danish: Spanien
  4. Dutch: Spanje, Koninkrijk Spanje (formal)
  5. English: Kingdom of Spain (formal)
  6. Finnish: Espanja
  7. French: Espagne f
  8. Galician: España
  9. German: Spanien n
  10. Icelandic: Spánn
  11. Italian: Spagna f
  12. Norwegian: Spania, Kongeriket Spania (formal)
  13. Portuguese: Espanha, Reino m de Espanha f (formal)
  14. Russian: Королевство Испания (formal)
  15. Spanish: España, Reino m de España f (formal)
  16. Swedish: Spanien
  17. Turkish: İspanya Krallığı (formal)

Origin of name: 

possibly from a Phoenician word for mine, digging; or Phoenician for coast of the rabbits

Primary subdivisions: 

Spain is divided into seventeen comunidades autónomas (autonomous communities) and two municipalities.

CommunityHASCISONUTSGECRsPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)CapitalGentilicLanguage
Andalusia ES.ANANES61SP51h8,371,270 87,26833,694Sevilleandaluz
Aragon ES.ARARES24SP52l1,344,509 47,66918,405Zaragozaaragonés
Asturias ES.ASASES12SP34l1,075,183 10,5654,079Oviedoasturiano
Balearic Islands ES.PMIBES53SP07l1,100,503 5,0141,936Palma de MallorcabalearCatalan
Basque Country ES.PVPVES21SP59h2,185,393 7,2612,803Vitoria-GasteizvascoBasque
Canary Islands ES.CNCNES70SP53h2,082,655 7,2732,808Santa Cruz de Tenerifecanario
Cantabria ES.CBCBES13SP39l592,542 5,2892,042Santandercántabro
Castile and Leon ES.CLCLES41SP55l2,540,188 94,14736,350Valladolidcastellanoleonés
Castile-La ManchaES.CMCMES42SP54l2,106,331 79,22630,589Toledocastellanomanchego
Catalonia ES.CTCTES51SP56h7,519,843 31,93012,328BarcelonacatalánCatalan
Ceuta ES.CECEES63SP61 83,517 187Ceutaceutí
Extremadura ES.EXEXES43SP57l1,104,499 41,60216,063Méridaextremeño
Galicia ES.GAGAES11SP58h2,772,928 29,43411,365Santiago de CompostelagallegoGalician
La Rioja ES.LORIES23SP27l321,173 5,0341,944Logroñoriojano
Madrid ES.MDMDES30SP29l6,421,874 7,9953,087Madridmadrileño
Melilla ES.MLMLES64SP62 81,323 145Melillamelillense
Murcia ES.MUMCES62SP31l1,462,128 11,3174,370Murciamurciano
Navarra ES.NANCES22SP32h640,129 10,4214,024PamplonanavarroBasque
Valencia ES.VCVCES52SP60h5,009,931 23,3058,998ValenciavalencianoValencian
19 divisions 46,815,916504,782194,897
  • Community: except for Ceuta and Melilla, which are municipalities.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision code.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. Note: the first three characters of the NUTS code identify
    still larger regions, as in the table below.
  • GEC: Codes from GEC.
  • Rs: Autonomous communities are classified as having high (h) or low (l) responsibility.
  • Population: 2011-11-01 census
  • Gentilic: Masculine singular name for an inhabitant.
  • Language: Co-official language in this autonomous community.

 

NUTS regionNUTS
NoroesteES1
NoresteES2
MadridES3
CentroES4
EsteES5
SurES6
CanariasES7

Further subdivisions:

See the Municipalities of Spain page.

The division of Spain into provincias (provinces) has endured, essentially unchanged, since 1833. The constitution of 1978 mandated the creation of autonomous communities. They were implemented by statute, and created by stages from 1979 to 1983, each consisting of one or more provinces. The smallest administrative divisions of Spain are the municipios (municipalities). There are various groupings of municipalities below the provincial level, varying by autonomous community: comarcas (counties), cabildo insular or consell insular (island council), and others. Ceuta and Melilla are special cases. Officially, they are plazas de soberanía del norte de Africa (places of sovereignty in the north of Africa; Spanish Africa for short). The ISO standard lists them as two separate entities, although it might make more sense to list them as one. Ceuta and Melilla are each municipalities. Formerly, Ceuta was administered as part of Cádiz province, and Melilla as part of Málaga.

Province HASCISOFIPSNUTSAcPcPopulationArea(km.²)CapitalGentilic
A Coruña ES.GA.ACCSP23ES111GA151,096,0277,876A Coruñacoruñés
Álava ES.PV.AAVISP01ES211PV01286,3873,047Vitoria-Gasteiz(1)alavés
Albacete ES.CM.ABABSP02ES421CM02364,83514,858Albacetealbaceteño
Alicante ES.VC.ANASP03ES521VC031,461,9255,863Alicantealicantino
Almería ES.AN.AMALSP04ES611AN04536,7318,774Almeríaalmeriense
Asturias ES.AS.ASOSP34ES120O331,062,99810,565Oviedoasturiano
Ávila ES.CL.AVAVSP05ES411CL05163,4428,048Ávilaabulense
Badajoz ES.EX.BDBASP06ES431EX06654,88221,657Badajozpacense
Baleares ES.PM.BLPMSP07ES531(2)IB07841,6695,014Palmabalear
Barcelona ES.CT.BRBSP08ES511CT084,805,9277,733Barcelonabarcelonés
Burgos ES.CL.BUBUSP09ES412CL09348,93414,269Burgosburgalés
Cáceres ES.EX.CCCCSP10ES432EX10403,62119,945Cácerescacereño
Cádiz ES.AN.CDCASP11ES612AN111,116,4917,385Cádizgaditano
Cantabria ES.CB.CNSSP39ES130S39535,1315,289Santandercántabro
Castellón ES.VC.CSCSSP12ES522VC12484,5666,679Castellón de la Planacastellonense
Ceuta ES.CE.CECEES630CE5171,50518Ceutaceutí
Ciudad Real ES.CM.CRCRSP13ES422CM13478,95719,749Ciudad Realciudadrealeño
Córdoba ES.AN.COCOSP14ES613AN14761,65713,718Córdobacordobés
Cuenca ES.CM.CUCUSP15ES423CM16200,34617,061Cuencaconquense
Girona ES.CT.GNGISP16ES512CT17565,3045,886Gironagerundense
Granada ES.AN.GDGRSP17ES614AN18821,66012,531Granadagranadino
Guadalajara ES.CM.GJGUSP18ES424CM19174,99912,190Guadalajaraguadalajareño
Guipúzcoa ES.PV.GPSSSP19ES212PV20673,5631,997Donostia-San Sebastián(1)guipuzcoano
Huelva ES.AN.HLHSP20ES615AN21462,57910,085Huelvaonubense
Huesca ES.AR.HSHUSP21ES241AR22206,50215,671Huescaoscense
Jaén ES.AN.JAJSP22ES616AN23643,82013,498Jaénjienense
La Rioja ES.LO.LRLOSP27ES230LO26276,7025,034Logroñoriojano
Las Palmas ES.CN.LPGCSP24ES705(2)CN35887,6764,065Las Palmas de Gran Canariapalmense
León ES.CL.LNLESP25ES413CL24488,75115,468Leónleonés
Lleida ES.CT.LDLSP26ES513CT25362,20612,028Lleidailerdense
Lugo ES.GA.LGLUSP28ES112GA27357,6489,803Lugolucense
Madrid ES.MD.MDMSP29ES300M285,423,3847,995Madridmadrileño
Málaga ES.AN.MGMASP30ES617AN291,287,0177,276Málagamalagueño
Melilla ES.ML.MEMLES640ML5266,41114Melillamelillense
Murcia ES.MU.MRMUSP31ES620MU301,197,64611,317Murciamurciano
Navarra ES.NA.NVNASP32ES220NA31555,82910,421Pamplonanavarro
Ourense ES.GA.ORORSP33ES113GA32338,4467,278Ourenseorensano
Palencia ES.CL.PLPSP35ES414CL34174,1438,029Palenciapalentino
Pontevedra ES.GA.PVPOSP36ES114GA36903,7594,477Pontevedrapontevedrés
Salamanca ES.CL.SLSASP37ES415CL37345,60912,336Salamancasalmantino
Santa Cruz de TenerifeES.CN.SCTFSP38ES709(2)CN38806,8013,208Santa Cruz de Tenerifetinerfeño
Segovia ES.CL.SGSGSP40ES416CL40147,6946,949Segoviasegoviano
Sevilla ES.AN.SVSESP41ES618AN411,727,60314,001Sevillasevillano
Soria ES.CL.SRSOSP42ES417CL4290,71710,287Soriasoriano
Tarragona ES.CT.TGTSP43ES514CT43609,6736,283Tarragonatarraconense
Teruel ES.AR.TETESP44ES242AR44135,85814,804Teruelturolense
Toledo ES.CM.TDTOSP45ES425CM45541,37915,368Toledotoledano
Valencia ES.VC.VNVSP46ES523VC462,216,28510,763Valenciavalenciano
Valladolid ES.CL.VDVASP47ES418CL47498,0948,202Valladolidvallisoletano
Vizcaya ES.PV.VZBISP48ES213PV481,122,6372,217Bilbaovizcaíno
Zamora ES.CL.ZMZASP49ES419CL49199,09010,559Zamorazamorano
Zaragoza ES.AR.ZGZSP50ES243AR50861,85517,194Saragossazaragozano
52 divisions40,847,371504,782
  • Province: except Ceuta and Melilla. Names are given in Spanish.
  • HASC: Second-level hierarchical administrative subdivision code.
  • ISO: Province codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "ES-" to the code (ex:
    ES-V represents Valencia).
  • FIPS: Old codes from FIPS PUB 10-4. These were superseded by the FIPS codes for autonomous communities
    in ~1990.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics ().
  • Ac: ISO code for the autonomous community containing this province.
  • Pc: Spain uses a five-digit código postal (postal code). The first two digits determine the province, as shown.
  • Population: 2011-11-01 census. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística.
  • Gentilic: Masculine singular name for an inhabitant.

 

Note 1: Vitoria and San Sebastián are the Spanish names of these cities, and Gasteiz and Donostia, the Basque names. They are often given in this hyphenated form.

Up until ~1970, there was a well-established grouping of provinces into historical regions. Many of the regions could be traced back to kingdoms of the Age of Exploration. In modern times, the historical regions had no administrative functions. Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Basque Country, Catalonia, Extremadura, Galicia, Navarra, and Valencia contained the same provinces as the autonomous communities of the same names. (However, Basque Country and Navarra were often grouped together as "Provincia Vascongadas y Navarra.") Murcia included the provinces of Albacete (now in Castile-La Mancha) and Murcia. The other three historical regions were Leon, New Castile, and Old Castile (Spanish: León, Castilla la Nueva, and Castilla la Vieja). Leon comprised the provinces of León, Salamanca, and Zamora, all now in Castile and Leon. New Castile consisted of Madrid and all the provinces that are now in Castile-La Mancha except Albacete. Old Castile consisted of Castile and Leon, minus the three provinces of Leon, plus the autonomous communities of Cantabria and La Rioja. The Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla were not included among the historical regions.

Note 2: Three provinces are divided into multiple NUTS-3 areas. Baleares contains Eivissa y Formentera (ES531), Mallorca (ES532), and Menorca (ES533). Las Palmas contains Fuerteventura (ES704), Gran Canaria (ES705), and Lanzarote (ES708). Santa Cruz de Tenerife contains El Hierro (ES703), La Gomera (ES706), La Palma (ES707), and Tenerife (ES709).

Territorial extent: 

  1. A Coruña includes some small coastal islands: Sálvora, the Islas Sisargas, etc.
  2. Almería includes Alborán Island.
  3. Baleares consists of the islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, Formentera, Cabrera, and nearby islets.
  4. Burgos includes a large exclave called Condado de Treviño, surrounded by Álava province, as well as three tiny exclaves: two within Logroño, and one within Palencia province. It follows that Treviño is an exclave of Castile and Leon autonomous community within Basque Country, and the two in Logroño are exclaves of Castile and Leon within La Rioja.
  5. Cantabria province includes an exclave around La Matanza, within Vizcaya province. Consequently, this is also an exclave of Cantabria autonomous community within Basque Country.
  6. Castellón includes the tiny Islas Columbretes.
  7. Ceuta lies on a peninsula on the coast of Morocco, across the Strait of Gibraltar.
  8. Ciudad Real includes an exclave called Rincón de Anchuras, on the border between Badajoz and Toledo provinces.
  9. Córdoba includes a small exclave around Villar, contained within Sevilla province.
  10. Girona includes the exclave of Llivia, surrounded by Pyrénées-Orientales department of France, as well as a small exclave within Barcelona province.
  11. Guipúzcoa contains the Spanish share of Isla de los Faisanes, a condominium of France and Spain.
  12. Las Palmas consists of the islands of Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Graciosa, Alegranza, Lobos, and Montaña Clara.
  13. Madrid includes the small exclave of La Cepeda, lying on the border between Ávila and Segovia provinces. This is therefore also an exclave of Madrid autonomous community within Castile and Leon.
  14. Melilla consists of a small coastal enclave in Morocco around the city of Melilla, and several small islands off the coast of Morocco: Islas Chafarinas (Isabel II, Congreso, Isla del Rey), Peñón de Alhucemas and its neighbors Isla de Mar and Isla de Tierra, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera.
  15. Navarra includes two small exclaves within Zaragoza province, around Petilla de Aragón and Bastanes. Consequently, these are also exclaves of Navarra autonomous community within Aragon.
  16. Palencia includes five small exclaves: two within Burgos province, two within Santander, and one on the border between Burgos and Santander. The two within Santander are also exclaves of Castile and Leon autonomous community within Cantabria.
  17. Pontevedra includes some coastal islands: Arosa, Ons, and the Islas Cíes (Monte Agudo and San Martín).
  18. Santa Cruz de Tenerife consists of the islands of Tenerife, La Palma, Gomera, and Hierro.
  19. Valencia includes an exclave called Rincón de Ademuz, on the border between Cuenca and Teruel provinces (Castile-La Mancha and Aragón autonomous communities, respectively).
  20. Valladolid includes two exclaves, one within León province, and a larger one on the border between León and Zamora.
  21. Vizcaya includes an exclave around Orduña, on the border between Álava and Burgos.

Origins of names: 

  1. Álava: possibly from Basque araiiar: land between mountains, or ara ba: low plain
  2. Albacete: Arabic al-Basit: the plain
  3. Alicante: from Greek leuke akte: white cape, through Latin Lucentum and Arabic Alicante, as a city name
  4. Almería: Arabic al-Meriya: the watchtower
  5. Andalusia: through Arabic from Low Latin Vandalusia: land of the Vandals
  6. Aragon: from the river Aragón
  7. Asturias: from Basque asta: rock, ur: water
  8. Badajoz: from city name, from Latin Pax Augusti: peace of Augustus
  9. Baleares: the ancients explained it as a Semitic name meaning "slingers' islands"
  10. Barcelona: from Hamilcar Barca, Carthaginian general
  11. Burgos: Spanish for cities. Burgos, the city, was formed by uniting several smaller cities
  12. Cádiz: from Semitic gadir: walled place
  13. Canary Islands: from Latin canis: dog
  14. Cantabria: for the Cantabrian Mountains, named for Cantabri (ethnic name)
  15. Castile: Latin castella: castle
  16. Catalonia: probably from Catalauni, name of Celtic tribe
  17. Ceuta: Latin Castellum ad Septem Fratres: castle of the seven brothers, referring to seven mountains, through Arabic Sebta
  18. Ciudad Real: Spanish for royal city; founded by King Alfonso X of Castille in 1252.
  19. Córdoba: possibly from Phoenician qorteb: oil press
  20. Cuenca: Spanish for basin, from Latin concha: basin; the city is situated in a deep river valley
  21. Extremadura: Latin Extrema Durii: end of the Douro (River)
  22. Galicia: possibly from Latin Gallus: man from Gaul
  23. Granada: Latin granatum: fruit
  24. Guadalajara: Arabic wadi al-hajara: stony river
  25. Guipúzcoa: Basque for the place of Ipuz (person or tribe)
  26. La Coruña: possibly from Latin columna: column, referring to an ancient lighthouse
  27. La Mancha: from Arabic for the high plain
  28. León: from Latin legionis, genitive case of legio: legion; headquarters of the Seventh Legion
  29. Madrid: possibly from Celtic mago: big + ritu: ford
  30. Málaga: possibly from Phoenician malaka: refuge
  31. Murcia: from Arabic for the firmly founded
  32. Navarra: possibly from Basque naba: mountain pass or valley, Nabarra: tribe from mountain valleys
  33. Santa Cruz de Tenerife: = Holy Cross of Tenerife; Tenerife is the name of the island, from native words tener: island, ife: white, referring to snowy mountain peaks
  34. Santander: probably a corruption of Sant Andres: Saint Andrew
  35. Sevilla: from a Semitic name meaning plain
  36. Valencia: from city name, from Latin Valentia Edetanorum, probably meaning "strong city of the Edetani tribe"
  37. Valladolid: Arabic vali: governor + Walid; the city was the governorate of Walid Abul Abbas
  38. Vizcaya: from Basque bizkar: mountain pass
  39. Zaragoza: city renamed Cæsaria Augusta when it became a military colony in 25 B.C., shortened to Cæsaraugusta, then to Sarakusta by the Moors

Change history: 

  1. 1927-09-21: Canary Islands split into Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife provinces.
  2. 1979: Basque Country and Catalonia autonomous communities formed.
  3. 1980-06-27: Names of the capitals of Gerona and Lérida provinces changed from Gerona to Girona and from Lérida to Lleida, respectively.
  4. 1980-11-15: Name of Logroño province, but not its capital, changed to La Rioja. (Law passed on this date.)
  5. 1981: Andalusia, Asturias, and Galicia autonomous communities formed.
  6. 1982-01-31: Name of Santander province, but not its capital, changed to Cantabria. Cantabria autonomous community formed. (Law passed 1981-12-15, approved by king 1981-12-30, published in Official Bulletin 1982-01-11, took effect 1982-01-31.)
  7. 1982: Aragon, Canary Islands, Castile-La Mancha, La Rioja, Murcia, Navarra, and Valencia autonomous communities formed.
  8. 1983-04-05: Name of Oviedo province, but not its capital, changed to Asturias. (Law passed on this date.)
  9. 1983: Balearic Islands, Castile and Leon, Extremadura, and Madrid autonomous communities formed.
  10. 1984-09-27: Names of the capitals of La Coruña and Orense provinces changed from La Coruña to A Coruña and from Orense to Ourense, respectively. (Law passed 1983-06-15, decree issued on this date.)
  11. 1992-02-28: Names of Gerona and Lérida provinces changed to Girona and Lérida, respectively. (Law passed on this date.)
  12. 1993-11-01: Under the Maastricht Treaty, the European Union replaced the European Communities, of which Spain was a member.
  13. 1998-03-03: Names of La Coruña and Orense provinces changed to A Coruña and Ourense, respectively. (Law passed on this date.)
  14. 2011-06-05: Official names of Álava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya provinces changed to Araba/Álava, Gipuzkoa, and Bizkaia, respectively, under law 2011/19.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. autonomous communities:
  2. Andalusia: Andalousie (French); Andalucía (Spanish); Andalusien (German); Andaluzia (Portuguese)
  3. Aragon: Aragão (Portuguese); Aragó (Catalan); Aragón (Spanish); Aragona (Italian); Aragonien (German)
  4. Asturias: Astúrias (Portuguese); Asturie (Italian); Asturien (German); Asturies (French); Astúries (Catalan); Principado de Asturias (formal)
  5. Balearic Islands: Balearen (Dutch, German); Balearene (Norwegian); Baleares, Islas Baleares (Spanish); Baleari (Italian); Îles Baléares (French); Ilhas Baleares (Portuguese); Illes Balears (Catalan)
  6. Basque Country: Baskenland, Baskische Provinzen (German); Basque Autonomous Community (formal-English); Basque Provinces (variant); CAV, Comunidad Autonoma Vasca (formal); Communauté Autonome Basque, (formal-French); Comunidade Autonoma Basca (formal-Portuguese); Comunitat Autònoma Basca (formal-Catalan); EKE, Euskadi, Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa (Basque); País Basc (Catalan); País Basco (Portuguese); País Vasco (Spanish); Pays Basque, Provinces Basques (French); Province Basche (Italian); Vascongadas (Spanish-obsolete)
  7. Canary Islands: Canarias, Islas Canarias (Spanish); Canárias, Ilhas Canárias (Portuguese); Canarie (Italian); Canarische eilanden (Dutch); Îles Canaries (French); Illes Canàries (Catalan); Kanariøyene (Norwegian); Kanarische Inseln (German); Канарские острова (Russian)
  8. Cantabria: Cantàbria (Catalan); Cantábria (Portuguese); Cantabrie (French); Kantabrien (German)
  9. Castile and Leon: Castela e Leão (Portuguese); Castella i Lleó (Catalan); Castile-Leon (variant); Castilha-Leão (Brazilian Portuguese); Castilla y León (Spanish); Castille et Léon (French); Kastilien-León (German)
  10. Castile-La Mancha: Castela-La Mancha, Castela-Mancha (Portuguese); Castella-la Manxa (Catalan); Castilha-La Mancha (Brazilian Portuguese); Castilla-La Mancha (Spanish); Castille-La Manche (French); Kastilien-La Mancha (German)
  11. Catalonia: Catalogna (Italian); Catalogne (French); Cataluña (Spanish); Catalunha (Portuguese); Catalunya (Catalan); Katalonien (German)
  12. Extremadura: Estremadura (German, Italian, Portuguese); Estrémadure (French)
  13. Galicia: Galice (French); Galícia (Brazilian Portuguese, Catalan); Galicien (German); Galiza (Portuguese); Galizia (Galician, Italian)
  14. La Rioja: Rioja (French, German, variant)
  15. Madrid: Communauté de Madrid (French); Community of Madrid (formal-English); Comunidad de Madrid (formal); Comunidade de Madrid (Portuguese); Comunitat de Madrid (formal-Catalan)
  16. Murcia: Região de Múrcia (Portuguese); Regió de Múrcia (formal-Catalan); Región de Murcia (formal); Région de Murcie (French); Region of Murcia (English)
  17. Navarra: Communauté forale de Navarre (French); Comunidad Foral de Navarra (Spanish); Comunidade Foral de Navarra (Portuguese); Comunitat Foral de Navarra (formal-Catalan); Nafarroa (Basque); Navarre (variant)
  18. Valencia: Communauté de Valence (French); Comunidade Valenciana (Portuguese); Comunidad Valenciana (Spanish); Comunitat Valenciana (formal-Catalan); Valencian Community (formal-English)
  19. provinces:
  20. A Coruña: A Corunha (Portuguese-variant); Coruña (variant); Corunha (Portuguese); Corunna (obsolete); La Corogne (French); La Coruña (obsolete); La Corunya (Catalan)
  21. Álava: Àlaba (Catalan); Araba (Basque)
  22. Alicante: Alacant (Catalan)
  23. Asturias: Oviedo (obsolete); see also Asturias autonomous community, above
  24. Ávila: Àvila (Catalan)
  25. Barcelona: Barcellona (Italian); Barcelone (French)
  26. Cáceres: Càceres (Catalan)
  27. Cádiz: Cádice (Italian); Cadis (Catalan); Cádis (Portuguese-variant); Cadix (French)
  28. Cantabria: Cantàbria (Catalan); Cantábria (Portuguese); Santander (obsolete)
  29. Castellón: Castelló (Catalan); Castellón de la Plana (variant)
  30. Córdoba: Cordoue (French); Cordova (English, Italian); Còrdova (Catalan); Córdova (Portuguese)
  31. Cuenca: Conca (Catalan)
  32. Girona: Gerona (obsolete); Gérona (Portuguese); Gérone (French)
  33. Granada: Grenada (English); Grenade (French)
  34. Guipúzcoa: Guipúscoa (Catalan); Gipuzkoa (Basque)
  35. Huesca: Osca (Catalan)
  36. La Rioja: Logronho (Portuguese-variant); Logroño (obsolete)
  37. León: Leão (Portuguese-variant); Lleó (Catalan)
  38. Lleida: Lérida (obsolete, Portuguese)
  39. Madrid: Madri (Brazilian Portuguese)
  40. Málaga: Màlaga (Catalan)
  41. Melilla: Melilha (Portuguese)
  42. Murcia: Múrcia (Catalan, Portuguese); Murcie (French)
  43. Navarra: Navarre (English, French)
  44. Ourense: Orense (obsolete)
  45. Palencia: Palência (Portuguese-variant); Palència (Catalan)
  46. Salamanca: Salamanque (French)
  47. Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Santa Cruz de Santiago (variant)
  48. Segovia: Segòvia (Catalan); Segóvia (Portuguese); Ségovie (French)
  49. Sevilla: Sevilha (Portuguese); Seville (English); Séville (French); Siviglia (Italian)
  50. Soria: Sòria (Catalan)
  51. Tarragona: Tarragone (French)
  52. Teruel: Terol (Catalan)
  53. Toledo: Tolède (French)
  54. Valencia: Valence (French); València (Catalan); Valência (Portuguese-variant); Valenza (Italian)
  55. Valladolid: Valhadolid (Portuguese); Valhadolide (Portuguese-variant)
  56. Vizcaya: Biscaia (Portuguese); Biscay (English); Biscaye (French); Bizkaia (Basque); Viscaya (Brazilian Portuguese)
  57. Zamora: Samora (Portuguese-variant)
  58. Zaragoza: Saragoça (Portuguese-variant); Saragossa (Catalan, English-variant); Saragosse (French); Saragozza (Italian)

Population history:

Province1910193019401956197019861996-05-012001-11-012011-11-01
A Coruña658,201767,608883,090998,2671,004,1881,102,3761,110,3021,096,0271,141,286
Álava96,511104,176112,876120,936204,323275,703281,821286,387320,778
Albacete259,074332,619374,472410,123335,026342,278359,010364,835401,580
Alicante483,986545,838607,562649,132920,1051,254,9201,379,7621,461,9251,852,166
Almería354,344341,550359,730356,125375,004448,592501,761536,731688,736
Asturias686,132791,855836,642917,8171,045,6351,114,1151,087,8851,062,9981,075,183
Ávila209,022221,386234,671260,508203,798179,207169,342163,442171,647
Badajoz561,897702,418742,547859,094687,599664,516656,848654,882691,799
Baleares325,703365,512407,497430,335558,287754,777760,379841,6691,100,503
Barcelona1,133,8831,800,6381,931,8752,416,7033,929,1944,598,2494,628,2774,805,9275,522,565
Burgos395,710355,299378,580407,588358,075363,530350,074348,934372,538
Cáceres395,082449,756511,377570,982457,777424,027413,396403,621412,701
Cádiz467,836507,972600,440762,296885,4331,054,5031,105,7621,116,4911,244,732
Cantabria300,005364,147393,710411,222467,138524,670527,437535,131592,542
Castellón320,338308,746312,475332,246385,823437,320456,727484,566594,423
Ciudad Real368,492491,657530,308588,196507,650477,967478,672478,957526,628
Córdoba490,647668,862761,150793,565724,116745,175761,401761,657802,575
Cuenca268,458309,526333,335337,039247,158210,932201,712200,346215,165
Girona318,622325,551322,360330,082414,397490,667530,631565,304751,806
Granada503,898643,705737,690809,023733,375796,857808,053821,660922,100
Guadalajara208,447203,998205,726201,946147,732146,008157,255174,999257,442
Guipúzcoa225,271302,329331,753399,533631,003688,894676,208673,563708,425
Huelva309,744354,963366,526368,838397,683430,918454,735462,579519,895
Huesca247,027242,958231,647238,793222,238220,824206,916206,502225,962
Jaén514,368674,415753,308772,597661,146633,612648,551643,820667,484
La Rioja188,285203,789221,160234,681235,713262,611264,941276,702321,173
Las Palmas 250,991320,524409,196579,710855,494834,085887,6761,087,225
León393,888441,908493,258575,375548,721528,502517,191488,751493,312
Lleida283,486314,435297,440339,706347,015356,811356,456362,206438,428
Lugo445,031468,619512,735506,826415,052399,232370,303357,648348,067
Madrid871,3081,383,9511,579,7932,148,3033,792,5614,854,6165,022,2895,423,3846,421,874
Málaga504,683613,160677,474793,337867,3301,215,4791,249,2901,287,0171,594,808
Murcia600,744645,449719,701777,888832,3131,014,2851,097,2491,197,6461,462,128
Navarra312,020345,883369,618390,457464,867512,676520,574555,829640,129
Ourense406,648426,043458,272473,290413,733399,378346,913338,446328,697
Palencia195,476207,546217,108242,698198,763188,472180,571174,143170,513
Pontevedra465,542568,011641,763688,612750,701884,408915,104903,759954,877
Salamanca327,100339,101390,468424,283371,607366,668353,020345,609350,018
Santa Cruz de Tenerife419,809304,137359,770454,121590,514759,388772,449806,801995,429
Segovia167,759174,158189,190208,497162,770151,520147,770147,694163,171
Sevilla587,186805,252963,0441,182,4161,327,1901,550,4921,705,3201,727,6031,930,941
Soria156,555156,207159,824161,930114,95697,56592,84890,71794,610
Tarragona339,042350,668339,299366,826431,961531,281574,676609,673807,044
Teruel255,408252,785232,064238,196170,284148,073138,211135,858143,162
Toledo392,307489,396480,008555,551468,925487,844515,880541,379705,516
Valencia810,2661,042,1541,256,6331,400,9121,767,3272,079,7622,172,8402,216,2852,563,342
Valladolid283,394301,571332,526356,447412,572503,306490,205498,094532,765
Vizcaya349,706485,205511,135603,8811,043,3101,168,4051,140,0261,122,6371,156,190
Zamora272,143280,148298,722325,740251,934221,560207,475199,090191,613
Zaragoza448,198535,816595,095636,943760,186845,832842,419861,855975,385
Totals19,578,68223,563,86725,877,97129,239,09833,823,91838,764,29739,541,02240,709,45546,651,076

 

For 1910, Las Palmas is included under Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Figures for 1956 are estimated. Totals do not include Spanish Africa.

Sources: 

  1. [1] Territory and Administration in Europe. Robert Bennett, ed. Pinter Publishers, London and New York, 1989.
  2. [2] Library of Congress country study  (retrieved 1999).
  3. [3] Censos de Población y Viviendas 2011 . Resultados Nacionales, por Comunidades Autónomas y Provincias. Instituto Nacional de Estadística (retrieved 2012-12-14).
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