ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. The only changes for Eritrea are to the spelling of region names.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It assigns FIPS codes to the six new regions.
Note: The CIA World Factbook gives the name Anelba in place of Anseba for one of the regions of Eritrea. When I do a Google search, the only apposite matches I find seem to be copies of the CIA World Factbook (there are thousands of copies on the Web). If Anelba were really the name of an Eritrean region, I would expect to find many more independent references to it. It seems clear that this is an error on the CIA's part that has been propagated.
Update I-1 to ISO 3166-2 was published on 2000-06-21. It shows the six new regions.
|Languages||Tigrinya (ti), Arabic (ar), etc.|
In 1889, Italy consolidated its possessions on the Red Sea coast, and declared Eritrea to be a colony on 1890-01-01. In 1936 it became a province of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana), along with Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland. The British expelled the Italians in 1941. Eritrea remained a British protectorate until 1952-09-15. The United Nations voted to create a federation of Eritrea and Ethiopia, which lasted uneasily until 1962-11-14, when Ethiopia took full control. Eritrea regained its independence by force of arms. The separation was ratified by a referendum, and independence became official on 1993-05-27. The boundaries of Eritrea have changed somewhat during the 20th century.
From Italian mare Eritreo, a name for the Red Sea
Eritrea is divided into six zoba (regions)
|Debub||702,502||8,000||3,100||Mendefera||Akele Guzai, Seraye|
|Debubawi Keyih Bahri||189,627||27,600||10,700||Assab||Denkalia|
|Gash Barka||515,667||33,200||12,800||Barentu||Barka, Gash-Setit, Seraye|
|Semenawi Keyih Bahri||392,653||27,800||10,700||Massawa||Akele Guzai, Denkalia, Sahel, Semhar|
See the Subregions of Eritrea page.
Eritrea includes Red Sea islands near its coast. The main group is the Dahlak Archipelago, whose largest island is Dehalak Deset, offshore from Massawa. There are a number of smaller islands near Assab, the largest of which is Halba Deset. The Hanish Islands are disputed between Eritrea and Yemen; the International Court of Justice is arbitrating. These include Jazirat Jabal Zuqar (Mount Zuqar Island), also spelled Zugur or Zugura; Jazirat al Hanish al Kabir (Great Hanish Island); Jazirat al Hanish al Sqier, and a number of smaller islands.
The Dahlak Archipelago is part of Semenawi Keyih Bahri region; previously it was in Semhar province.
Asmara: Tigrinya: arbate asmara = "they (feminine) united the four" (four clans or villages made a truce at the women's urging)
ERrepresents the whole country.
|Akele Guzai||8,400||Adi K'eyih (Adi Caieh, Adi Qayeh)|
|Asmara||200||Asmara (Asmera, Asmra)|
|Denkalia||24,300||Assab (Aseb, Asseb)|
|Hamasien||2,700||Asmara (Asmera, Asmra)|
|Semhar||6,300||Massawa (Massaua, Mesewa, Mits'iwa)|
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