"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was issued on 2014-03-31. It gives codes for the regions, and they differ from the GEC codes. When ISO 3166-2 codes are defined for a subdivision, the GENC codes usually match them. However, in this case, ISO hasn't yet issued codes for the regions.
Update 15 to the GEC, the successor to the FIPS standard, is dated 2014-03-31. GEC now considers the regions, rather than the provinces, as primary subdivisions.
Update 13 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-09-30. It changes three province names. Bahoruco is going back to Baoruco; the accent is removed from El Seíbo; and the name change of Salcedo to Hermanas Mirabal is shown.
FIPS PUB 10-4 Change Notice 13 was issued on 2008-02-04. The Dominican Republic is affected only by a change of spelling from Baoruco to Bahoruco.
The new provinces of San Jose de Ocoa and Santo Domingo were incorporated into the FIPS standard by FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, issued on 2006-03-23. They were incorporated into the ISO standard by the issuance of the second edition of ISO 3166-2, dated 2007-12-15.
With respect to telephone dialing, the Dominican Republic is in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), which means that its international dialing code is 1, followed by the area code. The Dominican Republic originally was in area code 809, but in 2005 it was overlaid with area code 829, and in 2010 further overlaid with 849.
Update I-1 to ISO 3166-2 was published on 2000-06-21. All of the provinces were originally assigned two-letter codes
by the ISO secretariat. Those have been replaced by two-digit codes taken from source . This eliminates an error in
ISO 3166-2, where the code
EP was used for two provinces. Also, the update changed the spelling of one of
the provinces' names from El Seibo to El Seybo. Nonetheless, the spelling "El Seibo" is still predominant.
|Short name||DOMINICAN REPUBLIC|
The Dominican Republic shares the island of Hispaniola with Haiti. The boundary between these two countries has remained fairly stable throughout the 20th century. Unfortunately, the same can't be said about their system of government. The Dominican Republic was dominated by Rafael Trujillo from 1930 to 1961. He and his family attempted to impose their names on several geographical features.
from Santo Domingo, the capital, which was named by Columbus in 1496 in honor of his father's patron saint.
The Dominican Republic is divided into 31 provinces and one district.
|Azua||V||214,311||2,688||1,038||Azua (de Compostela)|
|Barahona||Q||187,105||1,647||636||(Santa Cruz de) Barahona|
|Distrito Nacional||O||965,040||91||35||Santo Domingo|
|Duarte||D||289,574||1,640||633||San Francisco de Macorís|
|El Seibo||Y||87,680||1,775||685||(Santa Cruz de) El Seibo|
|Hato Mayor||H||85,017||1,324||511||Hato Mayor (del Rey)|
|La Altagracia||Y||273,210||3,001||1,159||(Salvaleón de) Higüey|
|La Romana||Y||245,433||656||253||La Romana|
|La Vega||S||394,205||2,274||878||(Concepción de) La Vega|
|María Trinidad Sánchez||D||140,925||1,212||468||(Trinidad Sánchez) Nagua|
|Monte Cristi||C||109,607||1,886||728||(San Fernando de) Monte Cristi|
|Monte Plata||H||185,956||2,613||1,009||Monte Plata|
|Puerto Plata||N||321,597||819||316||(San Felipe de) Puerto Plata|
|Samaná||D||101,494||845||326||(Santa Bárbara de) Samaná|
|San Cristóbal||V||569,930||1,240||479||San Cristóbal|
|San José de Ocoa||V||59,544||853||329||San José de Ocoa|
|San Juan||E||232,333||3,360||1,297||San Juan (de la Maguana)|
|San Pedro de Macorís||H||290,458||1,255||484||San Pedro de Macorís|
|Santiago||N||963,422||2,809||1,084||Santiago (de los Caballeros)|
|Santiago Rodríguez||C||57,476||1,152||445||(San Ignacio de) Sabaneta|
|Santo Domingo||O||2,374,370||1,302||503||Santo Domingo Este|
In 2005, the Dominican Republic switched from four-digit to five-digit postal codes. In Distrito Nacional (10000-10699) and Santo Domingo (10700-11999), hundreds of codes have been assigned; in the rest of the provinces, the last three digits are always 000. The first digit determines a region, as defined by the Instituto Postal Dominicano. For details, see the table below.
See the Municipalities of the Dominican Republic page.
The provinces are subdivided into municipios (municipalities). There were 61 of them in 1935, rising to 97 in 1993, and 161 in 2002, but falling to 155 in 2007. The municipalities are further subdivided into 380 distritos (districts), which are classified as either distritos cabeceras or distritos municipales. The Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE) has created a hierarchical system of codes in the format "nn nn nn", where each "n" is a digit. The first two digits represent the province, the first four represent a municipality, and the full set represent a district. Trailing digits are all 0's for the higher-level divisions. See source  for details.
The 2010 census report divides the country into ten regions. I have given them arbitrary one-letter abbreviations as a key in the table of provinces. The postal regions are a bit different. In the table below, the Postal column gives the names of the postal regions and the first digit of the corresponding postal codes. The correspondence isn't exact, however. Azua is in Valdesia census region but has a postal code for El Valle, and Monte Plata is in Higuamo census region but has a postal code for Valdesia.
The regions have apparently changed over the years. The 2002 census report has regions that match the postal regions more exactly. It calls them regiones de desarrollo (development regions). The names are the same as those of the postal regions, except that it uses "Nordeste" instead of "Norte". Source  has a still earlier version of the system, dated 1990. In it, the Cibaos are partitioned differently, Higuamo is split between Valdesia and Yuma, and Ozama is included in Valdesia.
|Cibao Nordeste||D||3 Norte||624,186|
|Cibao Noroeste||C||6 Noroeste||394,068|
|Cibao Norte||N||5 Norcentral||1,516,957|
|Cibao Sur||S||4 Cibao Central||710,821|
|El Valle||E||7 El Valle||295,362|
|Ozama||O||1 Distrito Nacional||3,339,410|
DR07); Monseñor Nouel province split from La Vega (
DR13); Monte Plata province split from San Cristóbal (
DO.DN, FIPS code
|María Trinidad Sánchez||85,185||97,043||99,731||124,957||135,727||140,925|
|San José de Ocoa||62,368||59,544|
|San Pedro de Macorís||59,357||64,205||68,953||105,490||147,777||212,368||301,744||290,458|
The Dominican Republic has had nine modern censuses, starting with the census of 1920-12-24. Censuses of 1935 and 1960: source . Census of 1950: source . 1981 populations: source . 1993, 2002 populations: source . 2010 populations: source .
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