Regions of the Czech Republic

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Updates: 

I have added data from the 2011 census, and replaced the 1970 figures under Population history, which were rounded, with exact numbers from source [8].

Two NUTS codes were changed around 2010, leaving a gap in the CZ06 range.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-9 was published on 2007-11-28. The 14 regions are still listed in the standard, but the districts are now regarded as the primary subdivisions.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-5, dated 2003-09-05, shows a change in spelling for two Czech regions. In "Hlavní mesto Praha", the second word should be "město"; and Vysocina should be Vysočina.

Change Notice 8 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-06-28. It changes the names of four regions so that they now match the names used by ISO (see next paragraph). Since FIPS describes this as a name change rather than variant names, I have switched the main names in the table with the variant names in the list below, and identified the variant names as obsolete.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It lists the fourteen new regions, with ISO codes as shown below. ISO uses variant names for some of the regions. It includes a spelling error (Vyocina for Vysočina), which is partly corrected in ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-3, published on 2002-08-20, and completely corrected in Newsletter No. I-5, published on 2003-09-05.

Change Notice 6 to FIPS PUB 10-4 was published on 2001-01-28. It shows the reorganization into 14 regions.

Country overview: 

Short nameCZECH REPUBLIC
ISO codeCZ
FIPS codeEZ
LanguageCzech (cs)
Time zone+1 ~
CapitalPrague

 

The Czech Republic is the latest manifestation of Bohemia and Moravia. Those two ethnic and political groupings, along with Slovakia and Ruthenia, have been combined in various ways in the past. Under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia were provinces of Austria, and covered almost exactly the same territory as the modern Czech Republic. (Bohemia is most closely identified with the Czech people. Austrian Silesia is only a fraction of the area known as Silesia, the bulk of which is now in Poland.) At the end of World War I, shortly before the Armistice, the Czechs organized a new government for the three Austrian provinces. The Slovaks, meanwhile, were doing the same thing in northern Hungary. At the initiative of the Slovaks, the two infant states merged to form Czechoslovakia on 1918-11-14. The Treaty of Saint-Germain (1919-09-10) ratified this fait accompli. The western fringe of Bohemia, known as the Sudetenland, still contained a German-speaking majority. Hitler seized on that pretext to annex the Sudetenland by the Munich Pact of 1938-09-30. Germany, Hungary, and Poland nibbled away at the rest of the country in a series of moves not recognized by the Allies. At the end of World War II, Czechoslovakia was reconstituted almost as it had been before 1938. The Soviet Union annexed Transcarpathian Ukraine, also known as Ruthenia, at the eastern end. A small area east of Ostrava was transferred from Poland to Moravia, splitting in two the city known as Cieszyn in Polish, Těšín in Czech, and Teschen in German. Czechoslovakia's constitution of 1948-06-09 made it a "people's democratic republic," whose primary divisions were two socialist republics: the Czech and the Slovak Socialist Republic. This status prevailed until after the fall of communism. Then, on 1993-01-01, the two republics became separate countries. What had been the second-level subdivisions of Czechoslovakia were now first-level subdivisions of the Czech Republic and of Slovakia.

Other names of country: 

  1. Czech: Česká Republika, Česko (informal), Czechia (informal)
  2. Danish: Tjekkiet, Den Tjekkiske Republik
  3. Dutch: Tsjechië, Tsjechische Republiek
  4. Finnish: Tšekin tasavalta, Tšekki
  5. French: République f tchčque, Tchéquie
  6. German: Tschechische Republik f, Tschechien n
  7. Icelandic: Tékkland
  8. Italian: Repubblica f Ceca
  9. Norwegian: Den tsjekkiske republikk (Bokmĺl), Den tsjekkiske republikken (Nynorsk), Tsjekkia
  10. Portuguese: Chéquia, República f Checa, República f Tcheca (Brazil), Tchéquia (Brazil)
  11. Russian: Чехия, Чехословакия (obsolete), Чешская Республика (formal)
  12. Spanish: República f Checa, Chequia
  13. Swedish: Tjeckien, Tjeckiska republiken
  14. Turkish: Çek Cumhuriyeti

Origin of name: 

unknown

Primary subdivisions: 

The Czech Republic is divided into thirteen kraje (sing. kraj: regions) and one hlavní město (city).

RegionHASCISOFIPSNUTSLPPop-2011Pop-2001Area(km.²)Area(mi.²)Chief townOther NameOld regs
JihočeskýCZ.CKJCEZ79CZ031C628,336625,26710,0573,883České BudějoviceBudweisJC
JihomoravskýCZ.BKJMEZ78CZ064B1,163,5081,127,7187,0652,728BrnoBrünnJM
KarlovarskýCZ.KKKAEZ81CZ041K295,595304,3433,3141,280Karlovy VaryCarlsbadZC
KrálovéhradeckýCZ.HKKREZ82CZ052H547,916550,7244,7581,837Hradec KrálovéKönigsgrätzVC
LibereckýCZ.LKLIEZ83CZ051L432,439428,1843,1631,221LiberecReichenbergSC,VC
MoravskoslezskýCZ.VKMOEZ85CZ080T1,205,8341,269,4675,5352,137OstravaMährisch-OstrauSM
OlomouckýCZ.OKOLEZ84CZ071M628,427639,3695,1591,992OlomoucOlmützSM,JM
PardubickýCZ.EKPAEZ86CZ053E511,627508,2814,5191,745PardubicePardubitzVC
PlzeňskýCZ.PKPLEZ87CZ032P570,401550,6887,5612,919PlzeňPilsenZC
PrahaCZ.PMPREZ52CZ010A1,268,7961,169,106496192PrahaPragPR
StředočeskýCZ.SKSTEZ88CZ020S1,289,2111,122,47311,0164,253PrahaPragST
ÚsteckýCZ.UKUSEZ89CZ042U808,961820,2195,3352,060Ústí nad LabemAussig (an der Elbe)SC
VysočinaCZ.JKVYEZ80CZ063J505,565519,2116,9252,674JihlavaIglauJM,JC,VC
ZlínskýCZ.ZKZLEZ90CZ072Z579,944595,0103,9641,531ZlínGottwaldovJM,SM
14 regions10,436,56010,230,06078,86830,451
  • Region: Names are in adjectival form, and are normally followed by "kraj" (except Praha, which is a city, and Vysočina).
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Region codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics.
  • LP: License plate codes, since 2001.
  • Pop-2011: 2011-03-26 census.
  • Pop-2001: 2001-03-01 census.
  • Other Name: German name of chief town, except Gottwaldov, which was the name of Zlín under the Communist regime.
    German names were used under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and may be more familiar to some English speakers.
    The name Gottwaldov is now considered derogatory.
  • Old regs: HASC codes for the pre-change region(s) corresponding to each new region. Largest segment is
    listed first. For key to codes, see 1960 table below.

Further subdivisions:

See the Districts of the Czech Republic page.

Prague is subdivided into obvodi (10 in 1978, 15 in 2000). The regions are subdivided into 77 okresi (districts). Before 2001, FIPS PUB 10-4 lists the okresi and Prague as divisions.

The NUTS level-2 nomenclature, derived by taking the first four characters of the NUTS codes in the table above, defines an unofficial set of districts (called "oblasti" in Czech). These are their names: CZ01 = Praha (Prague), CZ02 = Střední Čechy (Central Bohemia), CZ03 = Jihozápad (Southwest), CZ04 = Severozápad (Northwest), CZ05 = Severovýchod (Northeast), CZ06 = Jihovýchod (Southeast), CZ07 = Střední Morava (Central Moravia), and CZ08 = Moravskoslezsko (Moravia-Silesia).

Origins of names: 

  1. Bohemia: Germanic Baihaimoz: Land of the Boii (ethnic name)
  2. Prague: Old Czech Praga: doorsill

Change history: 

  1. 1949-01-01: The země (provinces) of Bohemia and Moravia-Silesia were replaced by thirteen regions. The capitals have the same names as their regions. The German names of the capitals are also shown. The subsequent reorganization in 1960 did not follow the same boundaries as this division; to give a rough idea of the correspondence between the two sets of regions, the last column lists the 1960 region for the capital cities. Name of Zlín changed to Gottwaldov, after the Communist president Klement Gottwald.
RegionPopulationArea(km.²)German nameModern region
Brno1,001,0917,449BrünnSouth Moravia
České Budějovice521,8948,968BudweisSouth Bohemia
Gottwaldov655,2075,107GottwaldovSouth Moravia
Hradec Králové583,8685,145KöniggrätzEast Bohemia
Jihlava436,9826,651IglauSouth Moravia
Karlovy Vary337,8904,579KarlsbadWest Bohemia
Liberec505,3714,237ReichenbergNorth Bohemia
Olomouc650,6466,214OlmützNorth Moravia
Ostrava948,2254,526OstrauNorth Moravia
Pardubice456,8194,232PardubitzEast Bohemia
Plzeň578,0857,887PilsenWest Bohemia
Prague2,188,2219,730PragPrague
Ústí nad Labem675,9074,145AussigNorth Bohemia
13 regions9,540,20678,870
  • Population: as of 1957-01-01
  1. 1960: The thirteen regions were replaced by eight regions, as shown in the next table. The Austrian province of Silesia was entirely within North Moravia as a result.
RegionHASCISOPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital PSC
Central BohemiaCZ.STCST1,118,23210,9944,245Prague25xxx-29xxx
East BohemiaCZ.VCCVC1,239,72611,2404,340Hradec Králové50xxx-57xxx
North BohemiaCZ.SCCSC1,190,4427,8193,019Ústí nad Labem40xxx-47xxx
North MoraviaCZ.SMCSM1,972,20011,0674,273Ostrava70xxx-79xxx
PragueCZ.PRPRG1,214,772496192Prague10xxx-24xxx
South BohemiaCZ.JCCJC699,56411,3454,380České Budějovice37xxx-39xxx
South MoraviaCZ.JMCJM2,058,15615,0285,802Brno58xxx-69xxx
West BohemiaCZ.ZCCZC869,46110,8754,199Pilsen33xxx-36xxx
8 regions10,362,55378,86430,450
  • Region: except for Prague, which is a hlavni město (city).
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • Population: 1990 estimate
  • PSC: Approximate ranges of Postovní Smerovací Císla (postal codes). Note: postal codes for Czech
    addresses can be identified by prefixing them with "CZ-". They are written with a space after the
    third digit.
  1. 1969-01-01: Czechoslovakia federalized. Czech and Slovak Socialist Republics created by grouping the existing subdivisions. These two republics became the primary subdivisions of Czechoslovakia.
  2. 1990-01-01: Name of Gottwaldov changed back to Zlín.
  3. 1993-01-01: Czechoslovakia split into two countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic consisted of the eight divisions listed above, all of which had been divisions of Czechoslovakia with the same boundaries. These regions fell into disuse after 1993.
  4. 2001-01-01: A new division into fourteen regions was implemented. The Czech Republic has reorganized its eight regions (kraje) into fourteen. The 77 districts (okresy) and over 6200 municipalities were left intact. The new regions were formed by combining the districts in new ways. The Czech parliament authorized the change by Act 347 of 1997, to take effect on 2000-01-01. Implementation took longer than expected. Elections for the new regions took place in fall 2000, and the regions were instituted one year late.
  5. 2004-05-01: The Czech Republic joined the European Union.
  6. 2004-09-15: The last digit of some NUTS-3 codes were changed from '1' to '0'. The regions affected were those where a NUTS-2 level area contained only one NUTS-3 level area.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. Bohemia: Boemia (Italian); Boęmia (Portuguese); Bohęme (French); Böhmen (German); Čechy (Czech); Богемия (Russian)
  2. Central Bohemia: Středočeský (Czech)
  3. East Bohemia: Východočeský (Czech)
  4. Jihomoravský: Jihomoravský Brnenský (obsolete); South Moravia (English)
  5. Jihoceský: Budejovický, Ceskobudejovický (obsolete); South Bohemia (English)
  6. Moravia: Mähren (German); Morava (Czech); Moravie (French); Morávia (Portuguese)
  7. Moravskoslezský: Moravia-Silesia (English); Ostravský (obsolete)
  8. North Bohemia: Severočeský (Czech)
  9. North Moravia: Severomoravský (Czech)
  10. Prague: Hlavní město Praha (variant); Prag (German, Swedish, Turkish); Praga (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish); Praha (Czech, Norwegian); Прага (Russian)
  11. Silesia: Schlesien (German); Silésia (Portuguese); Silésie (French); Sleszko (Czech)
  12. Vysočina: Jihlavský (obsolete)
  13. West Bohemia: Západočeský (Czech)

Population history:

Region190019211930195019611970-12-0119821990
Prague516,000678,000853,000940,0001,003,0001,079,5261,185,6931,214,772
Central Bohemia1,186,0001,228,0001,320,0001,202,0001,270,0001,190,8151,147,1041,118,232
South Bohemia835,000836,000810,000626,000650,000652,059693,165699,564
West Bohemia1,082,0001,156,0001,212,000772,000829,000848,558878,044869,461
North Bohemia1,387,0001,455,0001,570,0001,027,0001,085,0001,101,7561,173,7821,190,442
East Bohemia1,396,0001,383,0001,411,0001,155,0001,199,0001,201,4501,247,9941,239,726
South Moravia1,569,0001,730,0001,835,0001,751,0001,900,0001,934,7062,051,6622,058,156
North Moravia1,401,0001,543,0001,663,0001,423,0001,631,0001,798,8261,944,6611,972,200
Totals9,372,00010,009,00010,674,0008,896,0009,567,0009,807,69610,322,10510,362,553
  • (Populations for 1900-1950 are said to correspond to regional boundaries as of 1961.)

Sources: 

  1. [1] Key results , Czech statistical office (retrieved 2014-01-01).
  2. [2] Territory and Administration in Europe. Robert Bennett, ed. Pinter Publishers, London and New York, 1989.
  3. [3] Jednotný Číselník Organizací v ČSSR, Svazek I. Federální Statistický Úřad (Federal Statistical Office). Únor 1978.
  4. [4] Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States 1992. Europa Publications Ltd., London, 1992.
  5. [5] Districts of the Czech Republic 2002 (http://www.czso.cz/eng/edicniplan.nsf/publtisk/1303-03-2002, dead link, retrieved 2004-08-31).
  6. [6] Atlas Obyvatelstva ČSSR. Milan Kučera and Vladimir Srb. Ústřední správa geodésie a kartografie, Prague, 1962.
  7. [7] Radio Prague  reported that the districts had ceased to function on 2003-01-01. WordiQ.com  had a slightly different explanation (both retrieved 2004-08-31).
  8. [8] 1979 Demographic Yearbook , 31st Ed. Statistical Office, United Nations, New York, 1980 (retrieved 2011-12-28).
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