ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. For Cape Verde, this update largely repeats the changes listed in Newsletter II-2. The one difference is that it eliminates a duplicate. The code for São Lourenço dos Orgãos used to be the same as the one for Sal.
I've replaced Paúl with Paul as the spelling for one of the counties. Fewer people seem to be using the misspelling these days.
The five new counties are accounted for in Newsletter II-2 (2010-06-30), an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard, and in Update 1 (2010-08-20) to the U.S. standard "Geopolitical Entities and Codes".
Manuel de Sousa, in the Portuguese Wikipedia, points out that the spelling "Paúl" violates the rules of spelling in Portuguese. (Specifically, you must never place an accent on the letters "i" and "u" when they are preceded by a vowel which does not form a diphthong with them; occur in stressed syllables that are the last or next-to-last in the word; AND they form a syllable with the following "nh", "l", "m", "n", "r", or "z".) However, most standard sources seem to be unaware of the spelling rule. In keeping with the policy of this site to be descriptive rather than prescriptive, I list Paúl as the name of the concelho. (ISO dropped the accent in 2010.)
Most sources say that the capital of Sal county is Espargos. I had previously reported that it was Santa Maria, based on the CIA map. The capital of Maio county is Vila do Maio, but an alternate (obsolete?) name for that city is Porto Inglês, which appears in some sources.
Note: Portuguese for council is conselho; for county (specifically, one of the counties into which Cape Verde is divided), concelho. The two words are easy to confuse.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 9, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2004-10-01. It assigned FIPS codes to the five then-newest counties. It also changed the FIPS codes of the old counties from which the new ones were formed. Porto Novo county existed then, but no FIPS code was assigned to it until the 2010 update.
The original ISO 3166-2 standard (1998) had listed only the fourteen counties listed below under Change history, 1971. (They were designated "municipalities".) ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2, published on 2002-05-21, showed the changes described in the following paragraph. It gave the name of São Miguel as "Calheta de São Miguel". All the additional counties were in Sotavento group.
According to the Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE) and other sources, sometime between 1980 and 1991, Mosteiros, São Domingos, São Filipe, and São Miguel counties were formed, and Fogo county disappeared. Oddly, none of the major reference works mentioned them until 2000, and even then, one of them was still left off the list.
|Short name||CAPE VERDE|
Cape Verde had been a Portuguese colony for more than five centuries when it was granted its independence on 1975-07-05.
After Cap Vert, Senegal (Portuguese Cabo Verde: green cape)
Cape Verde is divided into twenty-two concelhos (counties), also called municípios.
|Maio||7,967||269||104||Vila do Maio||S|
|Paul||8,691||54||21||Vila das Pombas||B|
|Porto Novo||18,335||558||215||Porto Novo||B|
|Ribeira Brava||8,032||343||132||Ribeira Brava||B|
|Ribeira Grande||21,735||167||64||Ponta do Sol||B|
|Ribeira Grande de Santiago||9,639||164||63||Praia||S|
|Santa Catarina do Fogo||4,817||Cova Figueira||S|
|São Domingos||14,230||138||53||São Domingos||S|
|São Filipe||23,197||394||152||São Filipe||S|
|São Lourenço dos Órgãos||8,961||39||15||João Teves||S|
|São Salvador do Mundo||10,560||30||12||Assomada||S|
|Tarrafal de São Nicolau||4,908||Tarrafal de São Nicolau||B|
See the Parishes of Cape Verde page.
Barlavento and Sotavento are not administrative divisions, although each has its own Chamber of Commerce. Verdeans sometimes call them regiões (regions), sometimes distritos (districts), but most often just grupos (island groups). ISO 3166-2 called them districts, but it changed the designation to geographical regions. I've decided to use "groups", which has the least official resonance. Mindelo is the chief town of Barlavento, and Praia of Sotavento. The codes B and S are part of the ISO 3166-2 standard.
|Boa Vista||3,110||620||239||Sal Rei|
|Porto Novo||13,650||558||215||Porto Novo|
|Ribeira Grande||22,300||167||64||Ponta Sol|
|Santa Cruz||27,730||149||58||Pedra Badejo|
|São Nicolau||12,630||388||150||Ribeira Brava|
CV-CSfrom 2002 to 2010) formed by taking São Miguel Arcanjo parish from Tarrafal county.
CV.PI, ISO code
PR, FIPS code
CV14). Santa Catarina do Fogo county formed on 2005-07-25 by taking Santa Catarina parish from São Filipe (
CV18). São Lourenço dos Órgãos county formed on 2005-07-21 by taking São Lourenço dos Órgãos parish from Santa Cruz (
CV16). São Salvador do Mundo county formed on 2005-07-19 by taking São Salvador do Mundo parish from Santa Catarina (
CV15). Tarrafal de São Nicolau county formed on 2005-08-03 by taking São Francisco parish from São Nicolau (
CV10). The remainder of São Nicolau county was renamed Ribeira Brava. ISO code for Säo Miguel changed from
SM, since ISO had formerly called this county Calheta de Säo Miguel.
|Back to main statoids page||Last updated: 2011-12-16|
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