Under Population history, I replaced the 1975 census figures with slightly more accurate ones from source .
I've added 2011 census data from source . This source also lists 2001 populations, and the figures it gives are almost all slightly lower than the ones from source . The total country population is 0.05% lower according to source . I have used the new data in the Population history section, figuring that they represent a correction to earlier data, since both sources were published by the same organization.
Bulgaria's NUTS codes were completely revised in 2007.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-9 was published on 2007-11-28. For Bulgaria, the changes are all to the spellings of region names. Bulgaria has adopted a new official Romanization scheme. Most of the new names are the same as in the main table below. A few of them are listed as variants under "Other names of subdivisions".
The 1999 reorganization from nine regions to 28 is reflected by Change Notice 5 to FIPS PUB 10-4 (2000-08-10) and by ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 (2002-05-21).
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on 1998-12-15. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft
international standard). For Bulgaria, the draft standard showed nine regions. Each one was assigned a
single-digit code. The final standard showed the same nine regions. Each one had a two-digit code, which
was the former code with a zero prefixed. For example, the code for Burgas changed from "
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Bulgaria began the 20th century as a tributary principality of the Ottoman Empire. It consisted of Bulgaria proper and Eastern Rumelia. On 1908-10-05 it became an independent kingdom. In 1913, as a result of the First Balkan War, Bulgaria acquired territory from the Ottoman Empire in what is now southern Bulgaria, Greek Thrace, and a small part of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. In the northeast, however, it ceded territory around Bazargic (Dobitsch) to Romania. In 1915, it acquired another small slice of the Ottoman Empire around Orestias and Dimotika, now in Greece. In the Peace of Sèvres (1920), Bulgaria lost part of Thrace to Greece. The Peace of Lausanne (1923) gave more of Thrace to Greece, resulting in the present-day border between Bulgaria and Greece. The Treaty of Craiova (1940-09-08) transferred Durostor (Silistra) and Caliacra (Tolbukhin) provinces (together known as Southern Dobruja) from Romania to Bulgaria. After World War II, the peace treaty restored Bulgaria to its borders of 1941-01-01, canceling out its conquests in Thrace and southern Yugoslavia. In a referendum, voters chose to end the monarchy and form a republic. The first general election went to the Communists. Bulgaria remained in the Communist bloc until the Iron Curtain fell in 1991.
Land of the Bulgars. Bulgar comes from the Turkish word for mixed, since the Bulgars had mixed origins.
Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasti (regions).
Bulgaria uses four-digit postal codes. Postal codes for Bulgarian addresses can be identified by prefixing them with BG-.
See the Municipalities of Bulgaria page.
There are six level-2 NUTS subdivisions of Bulgaria:
The NUTS codes define a hierarchical set of subdivisions of Bulgaria. At level 1,
called "Northern and Southeastern Bulgaria" and
BG4 is called "Southwest and South Central
Bulgaria". The level-3 subdivisions are the provinces. The municipalities are the level-4 NUTS areas, and at
level 5 there are "settlements". For any subdivision that has a NUTS code, when the last digit of the code
is truncated, the result is the NUTS code for the higher-level division that contains it. There have been
two previous versions of NUTS codes for Bulgaria. The first set all began with
2000-2003, they were replaced by codes beginning with
BG2. The current set
was introduced about 2007-01-01.
In 1959, there were thirteen okruzhi (provinces; sing. okrug), divided into 105 okolii (counties; sing. okolia), which were further divided into 2,142 obshchini (municipalities; sing. obshchina). A reform that year eliminated the counties, cut the provinces into 28 smaller provinces, and cut the number of municipalities roughly in half. A reform of 1979 cut the number of municipalities from 1,374 to 291. There were 300 municipalities by 1986. In 1987, the provinces were merged to form nine oblasti (regions; sing. oblast). In 1992, these were subdivided into a total of 279 municipalities. As of 2005, the secondary administrative divisions of Bulgaria are 264 municipalities.
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The Bulgarian language uses a Cyrillic alphabet, so all these names are transliterated into the Roman alphabet. Some of the variant names are due to different transliteration schemes. Also note that oblasti and okruzhi come and go, but cities stay. Variant names are shown for capitals, which have the same name as their division whenever the division exists.
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