Sorin Cosoveanu drew attention to the 2010 census report (source ).
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter I-8, published on 2007-04-17, has new ISO parish codes for Barbados. They are shown in the table below. They replace codes from a draft version, ISO/DIS 2166-2, which had not been supported.
On 1966-11-30, Barbados became independent. A Geographic Note from the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the U.S. State Department, issued on that same date, says: "Administratively, the Northern and Southern district councils and Bridgetown City Council comprise the first-order civil divisions.... Eleven parishes and the City of Bridgetown (not to be confused with the City Council) are not administrative entities; they presently serve as electoral districts." An accompanying map shows that the Bridgetown City Council has about half of Saint Michael parish and a fragment of Christ Church parish as its jurisdiction. The North district includes the parishes of Saint Andrew, Saint James, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint Peter, and Saint Thomas. The South district covers the remainder of the country. Ordinarily, I don't count electoral districts as administrative subdivisions, because they tend to change frequently under redistricting, and it's hard to get maps of them. Barbados is an exception: the parishes have been stable for at least 100 years, and I've seen more maps that show the parishes than the districts. Therefore, I would stay with the parishes as primary divisions of Barbados.
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Barbados, the draft standard showed eleven parishes with their codes. The final standard mentions that there are eleven parishes, but declines to specify names or codes. It says that these divisions are "not relevant".
Barbados was a British possession, until it achieved independence on 1966-11-30.
Portuguese: the bearded ones, from beard-shaped fig tree leaves.
Barbados is divided into eleven parishes.
Barbados has recently assigned a set of postal codes in the format
BBxxyyy, where the x's and y's represent
digits. The xx part looks as if it's closely related to the parish, although not completely coincident with it. The table
above gives the xx part for the central post office(s) in each parish.
The "L" column above shows license plate codes as listed in source . These codes were used as ISO 3166-2 codes in the draft standard of 1997, except that X was replaced by C for Christ Church; but they were never part of the published standard.
Source  says this about local government: "Local government was in operation for sometime until 1969. When it was introduced, each parish had its own local government system called the Vestry. The vestries were later abolished and the island divided into three areas - two districts served by councils and the third, the City of Bridgetown was given a City Council and a Mayor.
"In 1967 the councils were abolished and local government affairs were administered by an Interim Commissioner for Local Government. Two years later the system ended, when the functions of the local government service were transferred to central government and statutory boards.
Although the parishes may not have an administrative function any more, they can still be seen on up-to-date maps, and they are constantly used as a guide to location on the island.
Barbados's population figures vary from source to source. Its 1980 census report gives five different figures for the total population.
The calculations are reported as follows:
Apparently these or similar calculations are performed for every census.
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