According to ISO 3166-1 Newsletter number V-9, dated 2004-02-13, Åland Islands has been assigned a separate country code.
Therefore, I will now treat Åland as a separate country and not part of Finland. However, it's still administered by Finland,
and has a structure of municipalities and sub-regions that is part of Finland's. The ISO 3166-2 code,
the GEC code
FI01, representing Åland as a province of Finland, have not been revoked. The
GENC standard treats Åland as part of Finland.
Swedish is the official language of Åland. The Finnish name for the territory is Ahvenanmaa, and its capital, Mariehamn, is Maarianhamina in Finnish. The population is 25,706 (1999-12-31 estimate), and the area, 1,527 km.².
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Åland was part of Turku ja Pori province of Finland until 1918. It has remained a province ever since then, with a special autonomous status since 1921-10.
Ahvenanmaa: Finnish ahven: perch (the fish) + maa: land. Åland comes from Swedish å: river, land: land.
Åland is divided into sixteen municipalities.
Åland uses five-digit postal codes from the Finnish system, always beginning with '22'. Postal codes for addresses in Åland can be identified by prefixing them with "AX-".
The Finland Interior Ministry assigns Åland a region code of
20. It is divided into three sub-regions. Their
Swedish names, with English glosses and sub-region codes, are Ålands landsbygd (countryside,
212), Ålands skärgård
213), and Mariehamns stads (Mariehamn city,
211). Before 2001-01-01 there were only two
sub-regions: Föglö (containing the same municipalities as Ålands skärgård) and Mariehamn (the rest of Åland).
Åland includes islands west of the Skiftet, or Kihti (channel), and east of Ålands Hav. The largest is Åland island. Among the easternmost are Kökar and Brändö.
The UN LOCODE page for Åland lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
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