I've decided to go with the spellings of province names given at source , which seems to be the official government
view. There are a lot of variant spellings to be seen. "Cuando Cubango" is especially prevalent, and spaces are often
used instead of hyphens.
Update 7 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS standard 10-4, was issued with the date 2012-02-01.
It changes the spelling of Cuanza to Kwanza in the province names. Update 8, dated 2012-05-01, changes the spelling of
Cuando Cubango to Kuando Kubango.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It changes the spelling of one of the provinces of
Angola from Zaïre to Zaire. The standard was updated again on 2014-10-29, changing spellings from Cuando-Cubango,
Cuanza Norte, and Cuanza Sul to Kuando-Cubango, Kuanza Norte, and Kuanza Sul. Another update ensued on 2014-12-18,
changing Kuanza Norte and Kuanza Sul to Kwanza Norte and Kwanza Sul. Yet another update, dated 2015-02-12, changes
Kuando-Cubango to Kuando Kubango.
Source , dated 2005, has populations and areas of the provinces. The populations are very approximate, most of them
rounded to a multiple of 10,000. What's more, they total 8,939,000, which is less than the 1992 estimate and much less
than the 2010-07 estimated country population of 13,068,161 given in the CIA World Factbook. Instead of using them,
I've updated the population data from the 1992 estimates given before to 1995 estimates in the 2008 Statesman's
Most maps place Bula Atumba and Pango Aluquém districts in Kwanza-Norte province. Most current news reports, and many
reference pages, place them both in Bengo province. I will assume that they were recently transferred from Kwanza
Norte to Bengo, and the maps haven't caught up yet (observed on 2005-10-30).
In 1900, the area now known as Angola was Portuguese West Africa. By 1906, its boundaries were almost exactly
the same as Angola's are today. Angola was an overseas province of Portugal until its independence on 1975-11-11.
Other names of country:
- Danish: Angola
- Dutch: Angola, Republiek Angola (formal)
- English: People's Republic of Angola (formal)
- Finnish: Angola
- French: Angola m
- German: Angola n
- Icelandic: Angóla
- Italian: Angola
- Norwegian: Angola, Republikken Angola (formal)
- Portuguese: Angola, República f Popular de Angola n (formal)
- Russian: Республика Ангола (formal)
- Spanish: Angola, República f Popular de Angola f (formal)
- Swedish: Angola
- Turkish: Angola Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
From N'gola, 16th century king
Angola is divided into 18 províncias (provinces).
|Province||HASC||ISO||FIPS||Pop-1995||Pop-1970||Area(km.²)||Area(mi.²)||Capital||Colonial name of capital||Tel|
|948,000||644,864||75,002||28,958||Lubango||Sá da Bandeira||061|
|2,002,000||569,113||2,418||934||Luanda||São Paulo de Loanda||02|
|160,000||45,649||17,625||Saurimo||Henrique de Carvalho||053|
|247,000||40,365||40,130||15,494||M'Banza Congo||São Salvador do Congo||032|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Province codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context,
AO-" to the code (ex:
AO-MOX represents Moxico).
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4
- Pop-1995: 1995 estimates
- Pop-1970: 1970-12-15 census
- Tel: Dialing prefix (mobile phones in Luanda are 09)
See the City Councils of Angola page.
The provinces are divided into 159 city councils.
Cabinda is an exclave, separated from the rest of Angola by part of Democratic Republic of Congo.
Origins of names:
- Cabinda: From an ethnic group of the same name.
- Luanda: From a native word luanda = tax. Shellfish caught there were sent as tribute to the king of Congo.
- Namibe: From the Namib Desert (see also Namibia).
- Zaire: From the Zaïre River, from Kikongo nzadi = river (see also Democratic Republic of Congo).
- 1900: The provinces were Benguella, Kongo, Loanda, Lunda, and Mossamedes. According to source  (1911), "Angola
is divided into five districts: four on the coast, the fifth, Lunda, wholly inland, being the N.E. part of the
province. ... The coast divisions of Angola are Congo on the N. (from the river Congo to the river Loje), ... Loanda
[the 105 m. of coast, with its hinterland, between the mouths of the rivers Dande and Kwanza]; Benguella and
Mossamedes to the south. Mossamedes is again divided into two portions--the coast region and the hinterland, known as
Huilla." Source  (1957) says that Angola was "reorganized and divided into 5 provinces [in] 1934." The provinces in
1950 were Benguela, Bié, Huíla, Congo (or Luanda), and Malange. Source  (1957) lists the following divisions:
- Province: Cabinda and Luanda are autonomous districts.
- Population: 1950-12-30 census (sources [5, 8]).
- 1951: Name of country changed from Portuguese West Africa to Angola.
- Between 1951 and ~1963, Benguela was split into Benguela, Cuanza Sul, and Huambo; Bié was split into Bié-Cuando
Cubango and Moxico; Huíla was split into Moçâmedes and Huíla; Congo was split into Congo and Cuanza Norte; and Malange
was split into Lunda and Malange. At this time, a comparison of populations and areas before and after the changes
shows that Benguela must have transferred about 17,700 km.² to Bié and Malange, and Congo must have transferred
about 33,060 km.² to Luanda. The following table comes from source .
- Pop-1960: 1960-12-30 census
- Pop-1950: 1950-12-30 census (proleptic)
- Between ~1963 and 1967, Congo was split into Uíge and Zaire.
- ~1971: Bié-Cuando Cubango province (capital Silva Pôrto) split into Bié and Cuando Cubango.
- 1975-11-11: Angola changed from overseas province of Portugal to independent country.
- ~1975: Huíla province (capital Sá da Bandeira) split into Cunene and Huíla.
- ~1976: Name of capital of Zaïre province changed from São Salvador do Congo to M'banza Congo; name of capital
of Cuanza Norte province changed from Vila Salazar to N'dalatando; name of capital of Bié province changed from
Silva Pôrto to Bié; name of capital of Huambo province changed from Nova Lisboa to Huambo; name of capital of Cunene
province changed from Pereira d'Eça to Ondjiva.
- ~1978: Lunda province (capital Saurimo) split into Lunda Norte and Lunda Sul; name of capital of Bié province
changed from Bié to Kuito.
- 1985: Name of Moçâmedes (province and capital) changed to Namibe; name of Malange province and city changed
to Malanje; Luanda province (capital Luanda) split into Bengo and Luanda.
- There have also been minor boundary changes.
Other names of subdivisions:
- Benguela: Benguella (obsolete)
- Kuando Kubango: Cuando Cubango, Kwando-Kubango (variant)
- Kwanza-Norte: Cuanza-Nord (French); Cuanza Norte (obsolete)
- Kwanza-Sul: Cuanza-Sud (French); Cuanza Sul (obsolete)
- Luanda: Loanda (obsolete)
- Malanje: Malange (variant)
- Namibe: Moçâmedes, Mossamedes (obsolete)
-  L'Évaluation des effectifs de la population des pays Africains, Tome I. Groupe de Démographie Africaine,
-  Library of Congress country
study (retrieved 1999).
-  Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
edition (retrieved 2005-02-01).
-  Webster's Geographical Dictionary. G. & C. Merriam Co., Springfield, MA, 1957.
-  The Encyclopædia Britannica World Atlas, 1957 edition.
-  The Encyclopædia Britannica World Atlas, 1964 edition.
-  Website of the Embassy of Angola in
India (dated 2005; retrieved 2011-02-19).
-  Demographic
Yearbook , 7th Ed. Statistical Office of the United Nations, New York, 1955. This
source calls Luanda a concelho, not a district (retrieved 2011-08-20).
-  Governadores .
Portal Oficial do Governo da República de Angola (retrieved 2014-09-29).