United Arab Emirates

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Updates: 

I replaced the preliminary 2005 figures with the final census data. A census was scheduled for 2010, but the Dubai FAQs  site says that it was canceled.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-3 was published on 2002-08-20. It shows only one change under the United Arab Emirates: a cedilla is added to the letter 'Z' in Abu Zaby (their preferred spelling of Abu Dhabi). The cedilla was there in the original ISO 3166-2 standard, but was omitted in Newsletter I-2. ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It shows only one change under the United Arab Emirates: the spelling of Ras al Khaymah is changed to Ra's al Khaymah.

FIPS PUB 10-4 is the U.S. Federal standard for administrative divisions of countries. On December 1, 1998, in Change 1 to FIPS PUB 10-4, the country code for the United Arab Emirates was changed from TC to AE. Concomitantly, the first two letters in the codes for the individual emirates were changed, as shown below. The older code, TC, is derived from the name "Trucial States". The country became known as "United Arab Emirates" in 1971.

More recent census data have become available for the United Arab Emirates, as shown in the table.

Country overview: 

Short nameUNITED ARAB EMIRATES
ISO codeAE
FIPS codeTC
LanguageArabic (ar)
Time zone+4
CapitalAbu Dhabi

 

During the 19th century, Great Britain made a series of agreements with seven independent sheikhdoms on the Persian Gulf. As a result, the area became known as the Trucial Coast. There was no formal union until 1971, although stamps were issued in 1961 under the name Trucial States.

Other names of country: 

  1. Arabic: Ittihad al-Imarat al-Arabiyah
  2. Danish: De Forenede Arabiske Emirater
  3. Dutch: Verenigde Arabische Emiraten
  4. English: Trucial Coast, Trucial Oman, Trucial States (obsolete)
  5. Finnish: (Yhdistyneet) arabiemiirikunnat
  6. French: ╔mirats mp arabes unis
  7. German: Vereinigte Arabische Emirate np
  8. Icelandic: Sameinu­u arabÝsku furstadŠmin
  9. Italian: Emirati mp Arabi Uniti
  10. Norwegian: De forente arabiske emirater (Bokmňl), Dei sameinte arabiske emirata (Nynorsk)
  11. Portuguese: Emirados mp ┴rabes Unidos (Brazil), Emiratos mp ┴rabes Unidos
  12. Russian: ОАЭ (abbr), Объединённые Арабские Эмираты
  13. Spanish: Omßn de la Tregua (obsolete), Emiratos mp ┴rabes Unidos
  14. Swedish: F÷renade Arabemiraten
  15. Turkish: Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri

Origin of name: 

descriptive: formed by union of several Persian Gulf city-states ruled by emirs

Primary subdivisions: 

United Arab Emirates is divided into seven emirates.

NameHASCFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)
Abu Dhabi AE.AZAE011,186,85467,35026,000
Ajman AE.AJAE02 170,923250100
Dubay AE.DUAE031,210,4383,9001,500
Fujayrah AE.FUAE04 104,3281,200500
Ras al KhaymahAE.RKAE05 176,0851,700700
Sharjah AE.SHAE06 665,0912,6001,000
Umm al QaywaynAE.UQAE07 41,187800300
7 emirates 3,554,90677,80030,100
  • Name: English name of emirate.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes. If periods are replaced by
    hyphens, these are the same as the emirate codes from ISO standard 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Population: 2005-12-05 census.
  • Capital: Capitals have the same names as their emirates.

Territorial extent: 

  1. Each of the emirates lies mainly on the Arabian Peninsula. There is a small neutral zone between Abu Dhabi and Dubay.
  2. Abu Dhabi includes numerous Persian Gulf islands, including Abu al Abyaḍ, Ṣir Bani Yas, Dalma, and Ṣir Abu Nu`ayr.
  3. Ajman consists of three enclaves. The one containing the capital lies on the Persian Gulf; one is on the border between Fujayrah and Sharjah, and the last is partly shared with Oman.
  4. Dubay has one large section, plus a small exclave next to Oman.
  5. Fujayrah has two sections. The one containing the capital is partly shared with Sharjah.
  6. Ras al Khaymah consists of two sections separated by Fujayrah. It claims the Tunb Islands in the Persian Gulf.
  7. Sharjah consists of a large section on the Persian Gulf, plus two exclaves on the Gulf of Oman (one of which is partly shared with Fujayrah). It shares the administration of Abu Musa Island with Iran.

Origins of names: 

  1. Abu Zabi: Arabic: Zabi's father
  2. `Ajman: Arabic: foreigner, Persian
  3. Ras al-Khaymah: Arabic ra's: head or cape, khayma: tent

Change history: 

  1. 1952: Kalba and Sharjah merged, taking the name Sharjah and Kalba (later shortened to Sharjah). That same year, Fujayrah was recognized as a Trucial State.
  2. 1971-12-02: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubay, Fujayrah, Sharjah, and Umm al Qaywayn formed the United Arab Emirates, an independent federation.
  3. 1972-02-01: Ras al Khaymah merged with the United Arab Emirates.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. Abu Dhabi: Aboű Dabţ (French); Abu Dabi (Portuguese, Spanish); Abū Ẓabī, Abū Ẓaby (variant)
  2. Ajman: `AdjmÔn (French); AjmŃ (Portuguese); `Ajmān (variant)
  3. Dubay: Dibay (French, Spanish); Douba´ (French); Dubai, Dubayy (variant)
  4. Fujayrah: Al Foudja´rah, Fudjayra (French); Al Fujayrah, Fujaira, Fujairah, Fujeira (variant)
  5. Ras al Khaymah: Ras al Khaima, RÔs al Kha´mah (French); Rā's al Khayma, Rā's al Khaymah (variant)
  6. Sharjah: Ach ChÔrdjah, Chārdja (French); Ash Shāriqah, Ash Shārjah, Sharjah and Dependencies, Sharjah and Kalba (variant)
  7. Umm al Qaywayn: Oumm al Qa´wa´n, Umm al Qi`īwayn (French); Qaiwan, Umm al Qaiwain, Umm al Qayqayn, Umm al Qaywayn, Umm el Quwain (variant); Um al Qaiuan (Portuguese)

Population history:

Non-nationals are not counted.

Name1975-12-301980-12-151985-12-161995-12-172005-12-05
Abu Dhabi211,812451,848566,036942,4631,186,854
Ajman16,69036,10054,546121,491170,923
Dubay183,187276,301370,788689,4201,210,438
Fujayrah16,65532,18943,75376,180104,328
Ras al Khaymah43,84573,91896,578143,334176,085
Sharjah78,790159,317228,317402,792665,091
Umm al Qaywayn6,90812,42619,28535,36141,187
Total557,8871,042,0991,379,3032,411,0413,554,906

Sources: 

  1. [1] Library of Congress country study  (retrieved 1999).
  2. [2] Table 1: UAE Population By Emirate, Educational Status, Sex and Nationality, 2005  National Bureau of Statistics (retrieved 2014-03-05). Cites "2005 Census Results / Ministry of Economy" as its source.
  3. [3] "Population by Emirate" (http://tedad.ae/english/statistic/population_by_emirates.html, dead link, retrieved 2007-05-12).
  4. [4] "Population Preliminary Results 2005 by Emirate" (http://tedad.ae/english/population_results.html, dead link, retrieved 2007-05-12).
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